HISTORY OF SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI

Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was born on June 19, 1595. He was the only son of Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji. He was nominated Sixth Guru of Sikhs after the Martyrdom of his father Guru Arjan Dev Ji. At that time, he was just eleven years old. During ceremonial 'Rites' of Guruship as the sixth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ji asked Baba Buddha Ji to present him two swords as he wanted to start custom of 'Miri' and 'Piri' in Sikhism. 'Miri' would represent Temporal Power and 'Piri' would depict Spiritual Power. Guru ji was a trained swordsman and skilled in archery. He maintained army to protect the oppressors against injustice. He even built a fortress at Amritsar called 'Akal Takhat Sahib' in 1609. Seeing Guru Ji's growing power, Emperor Jahangir arrested him and later ordered to release Guru ji. But Guru ji refused to leave Gwalior prison unless 52 imprisoned Hindu Rajas were set free as well. Emperor agreed and relieved all of them. Sikhs celebrate this day as 'Bandhi Chhod Divas'. Later, Guru Ji got engaged in warfare against injustice and passed away on March 03, 1644 after passing Guruship to his grandson Shri Guru Har Rai Ji.